One of the easiest and best ways to do this is to incorporate native plant
s into your landscaping. In my suburban Illinois garden, this means planting prairie and savannah plants. Though I haven't entirely eliminated the hostas, daylillies and roses from my gardens, my plant selections now lean more towards prairie alumroot, coneflowers (Echinacea), bee balm (Monarda), joe-pye weed, and little bluestem. When I wanted an ornamental tree for my front yard
, I chose a redbud, a native species, instead of a magnolia or callery pear. I was fortunate in that my front yard already came planted with a linden (Tilia americana). Wildlife needs places to hide from people, predators, and inclement weather. There are many ways to provide these places to hide, called cover. The first and simplest way to provide cover is to build a brush pile. You can build a brush pile with old branches or use your natural Christmas tree when it's time to take it down. A second way to provide cover is to plant your perennials and shrubs more densely to minimize the open space between them. A third way to provide cover for wildlife is to make your lawn smaller by widening gardens such as foundation plantings.