Mule deer, sage grouse, and pronghorn antelope can also be observed in the Clear Lake National Wildlife Refuge. Found south of Klamath Falls, Oregon, in northern California, and established in 1928, the Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge's 39,116 acres of open waters and croplands, 17,000 farmed acres, and 1,900 acres of alfalfa, potatoes, and cereal grains provide a major food source for the refuge's water birds, Bald Eagles, Golden Eagles, White-Faced Ibis, American
White Pelicans, Canadian Geese, Peregrine Falcons, Western Grebes, Black Terns, Tri-Colored Blackbirds, and other species. The Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge also provides a ten mile long observation tour of its facilities. Established in 1958, located along
the Williamson River east of Crater Lake, Oregon, with scenic views of the Cascade Mountain Range in its backdrop, and purchased from the Klamath Indians with Federal Duck Stamp funds, the 40,646 acre Klamath Marsh National Wildlife Refuge contains grassy meadows, forests, the large, natural, historic Klamath Marsh, and roosting, nesting, and feeding sites for several species of shorebirds, Yellow Rails, Sandhill Cranes, Great Grey Owls, rare Least Bitterns, Forster's Terns, Black Terns, Spotted Frogs, and Rocky Mountain Elk. The Klamath Marsh National Wildlife Refuge also provides an observation canoe tour of Wocus Bay. Established in 1908, and located near Klamath Falls, Oregon, along the northern California border, the 50,912 acre National Historic Landmark known as the Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge was the first waterfowl refuge created in the United States and contains shallow freshwater marshes, grassy uplands, croplands, and open waters, as well as nesting and brooding areas for Bald Eagles, Golden Eagles, American White Pelicans, Peregrine Falcons, Canadian Geese, White-Faced Ibis, Black Terns, and a variety of other species. The Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge also provides wildlife blinds for photographers and a year around observation tour route for visitors. Hunting for the perfect, trophy whitetail buck can be very time consuming, from establishing the perfect food plot to setting up the perfect deer blind, to actually managing the deer herd. Each component is very important in this equation and should be taken seriously if the hunter is to achieve his or her goal of taking home that perfect buck. Of course, the easier way to this goal is to hire a wildlife manager or to hunt on ranch where there is a fulltime wildlife manager on the premises who does all this work. A wildlife manager works year round to ensure that the hunters on his land will have a productive hunting season, whether it is whitetail deer hunting, quail hunting or any other type of game hunting.