Wildlife Habitat Council Symposium

Wildlife Unlimited

This struggle is the fight to save wildlife and the habitat they depend on for survival. There are many partners in this struggle, including the United States Fish and Wildlife Services, the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies and state wildlife agencies. These entities have come together to practice wildlife conservation by developing a wildlife action plan or the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy for each state. Funds are available for wildlife conservation and restoration of wildlife populations throughout America for each individual state. However, before any state can receive this funding they must have developed a "wildlife action plan" better known as the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy, by October 1, 2005. A wildlife action plan assesses the wildlife and habitat health, identifies any problems the wildlife and habitat face and describes the actions needed to rectify the problems and conserve the wildlife and habitat in question. Congress has identified eight elements that each wildlife action plan is required to have, which will better aid in identifying the plans of action to take and why. These eight elements are: Information on the Distribution and Abundance of Species of Wildlife; Descriptions of Extent and Conditions of Habitats and Community Types; Descriptions of Problems and Priority Research and Survey Efforts; Descriptions of Conservation Actions; Proposed Plans for Monitoring Species Identified and Their Habitats; Description of Procedures to Review the Plan; Plans for Coordinating the Development, Implementation, Review and Revision of the Plan with Federal, State, Local Agencies and Indian Tribes; and Broad Public Participation. Pennsylvania had 572 aquatic and terrestrial wildlife species classified as wildlife species of greatest conservation need (GCN). Of these 572 GCN, 41 are mussels, 52 are snails, 4 are crayfish, 312 are insects, 69 are fish, 15 are amphibians, 22 are reptiles, 44 are birds and 14 are mammals. Problems or threats to the GCN species populations in Pennsylvania are commercial and industrial development, landfill construction or operation, dams, road construction, urban development, water diversion, municipal and industrial point source, commercial harvest, conversion of riparian forests, excessive non-commercial harvest or collection, channel maintenance and confined animal operations.

Wildlife Explorer

These eight elements are: Information on the Distribution and Abundance of Species of Wildlife; Descriptions of Extent and Conditions of Habitats and Community Types; Descriptions of Problems and Priority Research and Survey Efforts; Descriptions of Conservation Actions; Proposed Plans for Monitoring Species Identified and Their Habitats; Description of Procedures to Review the Plan; Plans for Coordinating the Development, Implementation, Review and Revision of the Plan with Federal, State, Local Agencies and Indian Tribes; and Broad Public Participation. Utah had 196 aquatic and terrestrial wildlife species classified as wildlife species of greatest conservation need (GCN). Of these 196 GCN, 44 are birds, 40 are mollusks, 39 are mammals, 34 are reptiles, 29 are fish and 10 are amphibians. Problems or threats to the GCN species populations in Utah are commercial and industrial development, landfill construction or operation, dams, road construction, urban development, water diversion, municipal and industrial point source, commercial harvest, conversion of riparian forests, excessive non-commercial harvest or collection, channel maintenance and confined animal operations. Other problems or threats to GCN species are crop production practices, excessive groundwater withdrawal, fire suppression, management of or for certain species, channel alteration, exotic species, parasites, pathogens, recreation, grazing, predation, forestry activities and resource extraction. The Utah Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy has addressed these problems or threats to the GCN species population with wildlife conservation actions. These wildlife conservation actions include decreasing the data gap by gathering more information on GCN species, by fire management with controlled burns and with habitat protection by initiating projects to protect existing key habitat or habitat components. Key habitat restoration and improvement by initiating projects to restore or enhance existing habitats and with land acquisition by purchasing land or conservation easement that is important to GCN species are also included in the Utah Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy. Wildlife conservation actions also include population management by directly manipulating GCN species population with restocking, translocation and harvest management, with public relations and education by increasing public awareness of GCN species and key habitats through education and public outreach. The Northern Marianas Islands Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy also includes actions to treat abatement by mitigating existing threats including pollution, predation and competing species and with other conservation action plans that have not been covered previously. Monitoring the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy in Utah will begin with the employment of existing inventories and surveys, which includes any monitoring done by conservation partners.