North Dakota had 70 aquatic and terrestrial wildlife species classified as wildlife species of greatest conservation need (GCN). Of these 70 GCN, 41 are birds, 7 are amphibians and reptiles, 6 are mammals, 10 are fish and 6 are mussels. Problems or threats to the GCN species populations in North Dakota are commercial and industrial
development, landfill construction or operation, dams,
road construction, urban development, water diversion, municipal and industrial point source, commercial harvest, conversion of riparian forests, excessive non-commercial harvest or collection, channel maintenance and confined animal operations. Other problems or threats to GCN species are crop production practices, excessive groundwater withdrawal, fire suppression, management of or for certain species, channel alteration, exotic species, parasites, pathogens, recreation, grazing, predation, forestry activities and resource extraction. The North Dakota Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy has addressed these problems or threats to the GCN species population with wildlife conservation actions. These wildlife conservation actions include decreasing the data gap by gathering more information on GCN species, by fire management with controlled burns and with habitat protection by initiating projects to protect existing key habitat or habitat components.