Plant Materials Handbook Soil Conservation

Wildlife Rescue

Flowers and fruit: Small creamy flowers have a slight honey fragrance loved by bees and the clusters of berries may be bright red, yellow or black. Best varieties to try: Winterberry (Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red') reaches about 9 ft. tall with plenty of showy berries in the winter, Yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria) is a shrub used for nesting by birds. The Oregon grapeholly is a terrific shrub to provide a safe shelter for birds. The branches are dense with evergreen leaves. These shiny green leaves are prickly at the edges and resemble the leaves of several plants from the large family of Ilex species which is commonly known as holly.

Wildlife Nh

Blackberry, raspberry, and blueberry shrubs are also a common food source for bears. Flowering plants make for a beautiful sight in the Smokies. Trillium, Lady Slippers, Columbine, Magnolia, and Violets are common in early spring. Late in spring, Mountain Laurel and Flame Azalea emerge. Jewel Weed, Pink Turtleheads, and Black-Eyed Susan are prevalent in the summer months. Moving into fall, Sunflowers, Monk's Hood, and Goldenrod take over. Fall is also the peak time for leaf-peepers wishing to set their eyes on mountains set ablaze by the turning of the leaves. Because of the climate in the Smoky Mountains, many non-native plant and animal species thrive, although they are usually found in Asia or Europe. Kudzu, garlic mustard, and mimosa are the most invasive plant species. Two problematic insects are destroying trees and impacting both the ecosystem and scenery: the Hemlock and Balsam Woolly Adelgids. The Balsam Woolly Adelgid is of European origin but the Fraser Fir trees in the Smokies have no defense against it.