However, before any state can receive this funding they must have developed a "wildlife action plan" better known as the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy, by October 1, 2005. A wildlife action plan assesses the wildlife and habitat health, identifies any problems the wildlife and habitat face and describes the actions needed to rectify the problems and conserve the wildlife and habitat in question. Congress has identified eight elements that each wildlife action plan is required to have, which will better aid in identifying the plans of action to take and why. These eight elements are: Information on the Distribution and Abundance of Species of Wildlife; Descriptions
of Extent and Conditions of Habitats and Community Types; Descriptions o Problems an Priority Research and Survey Efforts; Descriptions of Conservation Actions; Proposed Plans for Monitoring Species Identified and Their Habitats; Description of Procedures to Review the Plan; Plans for Coordinating the Development, Implementation, Review and Revision of the Plan with Federal, State, Local Agencies and Indian Tribes; and Broad Public Participation. California had 817 aquatic and terrestrial wildlife species classified as wildlife species of greatest conservation need (GCN). Of these 817 GCN species, 140 are birds, 127 are mammals, 102 are fishes, 43 are reptiles, 40 are amphibians and 365 are invertebrates. Problems or threats to the GCN species populations in California include multiple uses conflicts with wildlife on public lands, growth and development, groundwater overdrafting and loss of riparian habitat, inappropriate off-road vehicle use, excessive livestock, burro and horse grazing, invasive plants, military land management
conflicts, mining operations and altered fire regimes. Other problems or threats to the GCN species population are Western juniper expansion, forest and water management conflicts, degradation of aquatic ecosystems, water transfer impacts, recreational pressures, climate change, water diversions and dams, watershed fragmentation and fish barriers, hydropower project operations, introduced non-native fish, water pollution, instream gravel mining, agriculture and urban development, overfishing, degradation of marine habitat, pollution and human disturbance. The California Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy has addressed these problems or threats to the GCN species population with conservation actions. These actions include policies and incentives that allow regional goals to protect GCN species and key habitat by city, county and state agencies. These agencies are to be included in creating these policies and incentives.