Conservation Plant Life

Wildlife Definition

Congress has identified eight elements that each wildlife action plan is required to have, which will better aid in identifying the plans of action to take and why. These eight elements are: Information on the Distribution and Abundance of Species of Wildlife; Descriptions of Extent and Conditions of Habitats and Community Types; Descriptions of Problems and Priority Research and Survey Efforts; Descriptions of Conservation Actions; Proposed Plans for Monitoring Species Identified and Their Habitats; Description of Procedures to Review the Plan; Plans for Coordinating the Development, Implementation, Review and Revision of the Plan with Federal, State, Local Agencies and Indian Tribes; and Broad Public Participation. New York had 538 aquatic and terrestrial wildlife species classified as wildlife species of greatest conservation need (GCN). Of these 538 GCN, 21 are mammals, 59 are mollusks, 198 are insect, 91 are fish, 4 are amphibians, 30 are retiles and 118 are birds. Problems or threats to the GCN species populations in New York are commercial and industrial development, landfill construction or operation, dams, road construction, urban development, water diversion, municipal and industrial point source, commercial harvest, conversion of riparian forests, excessive non-commercial harvest or collection, channel maintenance and confined animal operations. Other problems or threats to GCN species are crop production practices, excessive groundwater withdrawal, fire suppression, management of or for certain species, channel alteration, exotic species, parasites, pathogens, recreation, grazing, predation, forestry activities and resource extraction. The South Dakota Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy has addressed these problems or threats to the GCN species population with wildlife conservation actions. These wildlife conservation actions include decreasing the data gap by gathering more information on GCN species, by fire management with controlled burns and with habitat protection by initiating projects to protect existing key habitat or habitat components. Key habitat restoration and improvement by initiating projects to restore or enhance existing habitats and with land acquisition by purchasing land or conservation easement that is important to GCN species are also included in the South Dakota Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy. Wildlife conservation actions also include population management by directly manipulating GCN species population with restocking, translocation and harvest management, with public relations and education by increasing public awareness of GCN species and key habitats through education and public outreach. The Northern Marianas Islands Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy also includes actions to treat abatement by mitigating existing threats including pollution, predation and competing species and with other conservation action plans that have not been covered previously.

Plant Conservation Project

Funds are available for conserving and restoring wildlife populations throughout America for each individual state. However, before any state can receive this funding they must have developed a "wildlife action plan" better known as the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy, by October 1, 2005. A wildlife action plan assesses the wildlife and habitat health, identifies any problems the wildlife and habitat face and describes the actions needed to rectify the problems and conserve the wildlife and habitat in question. Congress has identified eight elements that each wildlife action plan is required to have, which will better aid in identifying the plans of action to take and why. These eight elements are: Information on the Distribution and Abundance of Species of Wildlife; Descriptions of Extent and Conditions of Habitats and Community Types; Descriptions o Problems an Priority Research and Survey Efforts; Descriptions of Conservation Actions; Proposed Plans for Monitoring Species Identified and Their Habitats; Description of Procedures to Review the Plan; Plans for Coordinating the Development, Implementation, Review and Revision of the Plan with Federal, State, Local Agencies and Indian Tribes; and Broad Public Participation. Illinois had 249 aquatic and terrestrial wildlife species classified as wildlife species of greatest conservation need (GCN). Of these 249 GCN species, 29 are mussels, 80 are fishes, 14 are amphibians, 23 are reptiles, 83 are birds and 20 are mammals. Problems or threats to the GCN species populations in Illinois are commercial and industrial development, landfill construction or operation, dams, road construction, urban development, water diversion, municipal and industrial point source, commercial harvest, conversion of riparian forests, excessive non-commercial harvest or collection, channel maintenance and confined animal operations. Other problems or threats to GCN species are crop production practices, excessive groundwater withdrawal, fire suppression, management of or for certain species, channel alteration, exotic species, parasites, pathogens, recreation, grazing, predation, forestry activities and resource extraction. The Illinois Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy has addressed these problems or threats to the GCN species population with conservation actions. These actions include decreasing the data gap by gathering more information on GCN species, by fire management with controlled burned, with habitat protection by initiating projects to protect existing habitat or habitat components, with habitat restoration and improvement by initiating projects to restore or enhance existing habitats, with land acquisition by purchasing land or conservation easement that is important to GCN species, with population management by directly manipulating GCN species population by restocking, translocation an harvest management, with public relations and education by increasing public awareness of GCN species and key habitats through education and public outreach, with threat abatement by mitigating existing threats including pollution, predation an competing species and with other conservation action plans that have not been covered previously.