A wildlife action plan assesses the wildlife and habitat health, identifies any problems the wildlife and habitat face and describes the actions needed to rectify the problems and conserve the wildlife and habitat in question. Congress has identified eight elements that each wildlife action plan is required to have, which will better aid in identifying the plans of action to take and why. These eight elements are: Information on the Distribution and Abundance of Species of Wildlife; Descriptions of Extent and Conditions of Habitats and Community Types; Descriptions o Problems an Priority Research and Survey Efforts; Descriptions of Conservation Actions; Proposed Plans for Monitoring Species Identified and Their Habitats; Description of Procedures to Review the Plan; Plans for Coordinating the Development, Implementation, Review and Revision of the Plan with Federal, State, Local Agencies and Indian Tribes; and Broad Public Participation. Indiana had 140 aquatic and terrestrial wildlife species classified as wildlife species of greatest conservation need (GCN). Of these 140 GCN species, 22 are mammals, 47 are birds, 20 are reptiles, 9 are amphibians, 15 are fish, 24 are mussels, 2 are mollusks and 1 is a lamprey. Problems or threats to the GCN species populations in Indiana are commercial and industrial development, landfill construction or operation, dams, road construction, urban development, water diversion, municipal and industrial point source, commercial harvest, conversion of riparian forests, excessive non-commercial harvest or collection, channel maintenance and confined animal operations. Other problems or threats to GCN species are crop production practices, excessive groundwater withdrawal, fire suppression, management
of or for certain species, channel alteration, exotic species, parasites, pathogens, recreation, grazing, predation, forestry activities and resource extraction. The Indiana Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy has addressed these problems or threats to the GCN species population with conservation actions. These actions include decreasing the data gap by gathering more information on GCN species, by fire management with controlled burned, with habitat protection by initiating projects to protect existing habitat or habitat components, with habitat restoration and improvement by initiating projects to restore or enhance existing habitats, with land acquisition by purchasing land or conservation easement that is important to GCN species, with population management by directly manipulating GCN species population by restocking, translocation an harvest management, with public relations and education
by increasing public awareness of GCN species and key habitats through education and public outreach, with threat abatement by mitigating existing threats including pollution, predation an competing species and with other conservation action plans that have not been covered previously. Monitoring the CWCS in Indiana will begin with the employment of existing inventories and surveys, which includes any monitoring done by conservation partners. Monitoring will continue with surveys, remote sensing, satellite imagery, disease and movement monitoring, breeding site survey sampling, DNA and net sampling, herpetological web site, predictive modeling, ground truthing and taxonomic affinities an reclassification.